Uzbekistan, the most populous country in Central Asia, has experienced significant changes since Shavkat Mirziyoyev took office as the President in 2016. Following the death of Islam Karimov, the country’s first President who had ruled for almost three decades. Uzbek president Shavkat Mirziyoyev emerged as his successor, promising a new era of reforms and opening up the country to the world. This article aims to provide an overview of Mirziyoyev’s presidency, examining the progress made in various areas such as economic reform, human rights, and foreign policy.

Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Reference : Intellinews

Economic Reforms

One of the major priorities for Mirziyoyev has been economic reform. Under his leadership, the government has implemented a series of measures aimed at liberalizing the economy, attracting foreign investment, and fostering entrepreneurship. The currency, the Uzbekistani som, was made convertible, and currency exchange restrictions were lifted, a move that was welcomed by the international community and business leaders. Additionally, efforts have been made to reduce the state’s role in the economy and to improve the business environment. This has resulted in a significant increase in foreign investment and a revival of the private sector.

Human Rights and Political Reforms

Under Karimov, Uzbekistan often criticized for its poor human rights record. Since taking office, Mirziyoyev has made efforts to address these concerns. He has released several political prisoners, relaxed media censorship, and initiated judicial reforms to enhance the independence of the judiciary. Additionally, the government has taken steps to combat forced labor in the cotton fields, a longstanding issue in Uzbekistan. While these efforts commended by international organizations, there is still much work to do. Critics argue that the reforms have not gone far enough and that the government still exercises a high degree of control over the media, civil society, and political opposition.

Foreign Policy

Mirziyoyev’s foreign policy has been marked by a desire to improve relations with neighboring countries. It is to reintegrate Uzbekistan into the global community. He has made efforts to resolve border disputes with neighboring countries, and has actively participated in regional organizations such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Commonwealth of Independent States. Additionally, he has sought to strengthen ties with major global powers such as the United States, Russia, and China.


Since taking office, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev has initiated a series of reforms. These aim at liberalizing the economy, improving human rights, and fostering better relations with neighboring countries. While there has been progress in many areas, challenges remain. It is clear that the reform process is far from complete. Nonetheless, under Mirziyoyev’s leadership, Uzbekistan appears to be moving in a positive direction. There is hope that the country can continue to make progress towards becoming a more open, prosperous, and democratic society.

By Punit