Interior Design

Interior design is a canvas where creativity knows no bounds. One of the most captivating ways to infuse personality and visual intrigue into your space is by mastering the art of mixing patterns and textures. When done correctly, this approach can transform a room into a dynamic and harmonious masterpiece. In this article, we’ll explore how to successfully combine various patterns and textures to add depth and visual interest to your home decor, offering examples and valuable tips to guide you along the way.

1. Start with a Neutral Base

Before diving into patterns and textures, begin with a neutral base. Walls, large furniture pieces, and flooring should be relatively neutral in color and pattern. This provides a balanced foundation that allows your mixed patterns and textures to shine.

2. Select a Dominant Pattern

Choose a dominant pattern that sets the tone for the room. This pattern will serve as the primary focus and should be present on a large-scale element, such as curtains, an area rug, or upholstery. For example, if you love floral patterns, a bold floral print on your sofa can become the dominant pattern.

3. Add a Secondary Pattern

To create depth and interest, introduce a secondary pattern that complements the dominant one. This pattern should be of a different scale and style. For instance, if your dominant pattern is floral, consider adding a smaller-scale geometric pattern on throw pillows.

4. Vary the Scale

Diversity in scale is key to achieving a balanced look. Pair large patterns with smaller ones to create contrast and maintain visual interest. For instance, pair oversized damask wallpaper with smaller checkered cushions for a harmonious blend.

5. Choose a Color Scheme

Opt for a cohesive color scheme to tie the patterns and textures together. You can select colors from a patterned fabric, artwork, or an inspiration piece. A unified color palette will ensure that even diverse patterns work together seamlessly.

6. Mix Textures

Texture adds a tactile dimension to your decor. Combine different textures like rough and smooth, shiny and matte, or soft and hard. For instance, pair a plush velvet sofa with a rustic wooden coffee table or silky drapes with a chunky knit throw.

7. Use a Solid Color Buffer

To prevent overwhelming the space, introduce solid colors as buffers between patterns. For example, if your room features patterned curtains and a patterned rug, choose solid-colored upholstery for your furniture to create balance.

8. Consider Patterns with a Common Theme

Patterns can be cohesive even when they differ greatly in style. For instance, mixing various nautical-themed patterns, like stripes, anchors, and sailboats, can create a unified look with a common theme.

9. Experiment with Layering

Layering patterns can be especially effective in achieving a rich and textured look. For example, layer a patterned area rug over a solid-colored carpet or layer patterned cushions on a patterned sofa to add depth.

10. Seek Inspiration from Nature

Nature often effortlessly combines patterns and textures. Look to nature for inspiration, such as pairing floral patterns with organic textures like rattan or stone, creating a tranquil and visually appealing environment.


  • A coastal-themed living room could combine a dominant pattern of seashell-printed curtains with a secondary pattern of coral-inspired throw pillows. Textures could include a sea-grass rug and weathered wood furniture.
  • In a modern, urban bedroom, a dominant pattern of abstract black-and-white wallpaper can be complemented by a secondary pattern of geometric bedding. Mix in textures like a plush faux fur throw and sleek metallic accents.

Examples of Natural Elements in Interior Design:

  • Wood: Wooden flooring, furniture, ceiling beams, or decorative wall panels can add warmth and character to your space.
  • Stone: Granite countertops, marble floors, or a stacked stone fireplace can bring elegance and earthiness to your home.
  • Plants: Incorporating indoor plants like succulents, ferns, or towering fiddle-leaf fig trees can introduce a lively and refreshing natural element to any room.
  • Bamboo: Bamboo flooring, blinds, or furniture items offer an Eco-friendly and stylish addition to your decor.
  • Natural Fabrics: Choose upholstery and textiles made from natural materials like cotton, linen, or wool for a tactile and Eco-conscious touch.

11. Texture and Contrast

Natural materials introduce texture and contrast to your interior design. Whether it’s the rough surface of a stone fireplace, the smooth grain of a wooden coffee table, or the lush foliage of indoor plants, these elements add depth and visual interest to your space. They break up the monotony and create a multi-dimensional experience.

12. Choose a Soothing Color Scheme

Selecting the right color palette is essential for setting the tone in your bedroom. Opt for calming and soothing colors that promote relaxation. Some popular choices include:

  • Soft Blues: Shades of blue, like light aqua or pale blue-gray, create a serene and peaceful ambiance.
  • Neutral Tones: Colors like soft gray, warm beige, or gentle taupe are versatile and evoke a sense of comfort.
  • Muted Greens: Subtle greens, such as sage or muted olive, bring a touch of nature and tranquility to the space.
  • Soft Lavenders: Light lavender or lavender-gray can add a hint of luxury and relaxation to your bedroom.

13. Balance Natural and Artificial Lighting

A well-balanced lighting scheme can enhance the ambiance of your bedroom. Incorporate the following:

  • Natural Light: Maximize natural light during the day by using sheer curtains or blinds that allow sunlight to filter in. Consider large windows or even a skylight if possible.
  • Soft, Warm Lighting: In the evening, create a cozy atmosphere with soft, warm lighting. Table lamps, wall sconces, or pendant lights with dimmers allow you to adjust the brightness to your liking.


The art of mixing patterns and textures in interior design is all about balance, harmony, and creativity. By starting with a neutral base, selecting a dominant pattern, adding complementary patterns, varying scales, and choosing a cohesive color scheme, you can craft a visually stimulating and well-coordinated space. Remember to mix textures, use solid colors as buffers, and seek inspiration from nature to achieve a harmonious blend of patterns and textures that transform your home decor into a work of art. Experiment, trust your instincts, and let your unique style shine through your pattern and texture choices.