The Taj Mahal was constructed in 1632 in Agra by the emperor called as Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal who died while delivering their 14th child. The Taj Mahal came out to be a wonder of the world. It is 22 feet high. It has four beautiful minarets which seem to be forming its border and giving it a complete look. The Taj Mahal is on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Let us have a look at the buildings that you can visit while visiting the Taj Mahal on Taj Mahal tour from Delhi.
The first building is the mosque that we are going to talk about. The Taj has two buildings which look very similar. These buildings are located on both sides of the platform. The mosque is located on the left-hand side of the Taj Mahal if you are standing while facing it. The other building that would be discussed in the Assembly hall. There are outlines of 569 prayer rugs which are made in black marble. These outlines are laid out on the floor of the mosque. Generally, the mosques made by the Mughals divide the Sanctuary hall into 3 parts. At the Taj Mahal, it follows the same and every door gets opened onto 1 vaulting dome. The composition of the Taj Mahal has a very unique in the center and it comes out to be tripartite. The other feature which adds to the uniqueness of the Taj Mahal is the placement or construction of the lateral buildings. The construction creates symmetry as seen in the mirror. It is also known for the additional distinct elements of rituals which are related to the religious and holy prayers and sermon.
The Assembly Hall
Mama Khana is the other name given to the Assembly hall. The Assembly Hall is on the east. The Assembly Hall is the replica for providing the balance of the mosque. This was done while keeping in mind to balance the symmetry of the composition as explained in the previous paragraph of mirror-symmetrical composition. This symmetry has to be bilateral. The utility of this was to who let the people stand if they want to observe the death anniversaries of Mumtaz and Shah Jahan. However, this practice took place only in the initial years after setting it up and now it is not followed.
The Forecourt Zone
There are three gates to the Taj Mahal. The 3 gates to let you enter 2, 3, different places. One of the Gates lets you enter the forecourt zone, which is also called as Jilaukhana. There are two pairs of the enclosures of the courtyard. The directions of these enclosures are the North and South. In the north, the wall is the adjoining garden wall. This is the same wall that adjoins the garden wall and the 2 Khawaspur. These 2 are basically the quarters of the tomb attendants. In the south direction, there is the tower of the female friend or ‘Saheli Burj’.
The Bazaar Streets
You may find two similar market streets and the west Gates when you want to enter the Assembly hall. There are rows of rectangular cells. These cells are small and they are not connected with each other. These cells also do not have windows. The cells have the traditional structure which is there in most of the monuments of Mughal architecture which is called as arcaded Verandah. There are columns to support these arches. These arches are multi-cusped. This makes it the distinctive type which is a little different from the formation of a normal arch, but it is in its basic and easy form.
The arcades have been made with careful thought of protecting it from the rain or the Sun. There are slabs which are sloping and made up of sandstone. These Labs have the support of the vaulted brackets. These vaulted brackets are projected out from the wall to fulfill the objective of protection from rain or sun. This projected vaulted bracket can be called as ‘Chhajja’. This was a purely Mughal style adopted by the other Indian Architects and it is still commonly seen in modern buildings also.
I have been to the Taj Mahal quite often and I knew most of the areas of the Taj Mahal, but when I first read about these buildings separately I was clearer when I went to see the Taj Mahal the next time. T is helpful for everyone to know about the place where you are going. You can have better interaction with the guide and you can also get an opportunity to educate people on same day Agra tour by car or other such tours in your life. So, the next time you go to any place, it is a good idea that you have some knowledge about it.