Homestead farming and commercial cultivation are two very different things but have both befitted from technological interventions. It makes sense to apply technology to enhance production in the commercial cultivation sector as there are profit margins to fulfil, so in this sector, technology has been adopted faster.
There are still some obstacles in adopting Agricultural Machinery In India for use on homestead farming, the primary one being a shortage of capital inflow. Farmers do have the Kisan credit cards, soil health cards, capital, bank loans but these are a drawback.
They need to resort to technological tools that are efficient in terms of running and installation costs. These include cold storages, greenhouses to shield crops against weather, wind/solar powered irrigation channels and hand operated, smaller electrical equipment for post-harvest production.
Big commercial farms, whether they produce tobacco, cotton, maize, coffee or tea require machinery – only because what they do is on a bigger scale and includes various operations like tilling, clearing, transplanting, irrigating, inter-culture, fertilizer applications, and harvesting. So, why is agricultural machinery an area of interest?
- An increasing population is reducing the amount of farmland available. Commercial farmers have to figure out how to get more produce using less land area. Technology helps them do that.
- Canal irrigation isn’t good in a lot of areas. These farmers have to depend on good rains for a better yield, which isn’t possible every time. Technology provides intermediate solutions that let them store excess rainwater and irrigate field when required.
- Crop yields are impacted, even damaged due to excessive weather conditions. Technology can be used to prevent that, though the installation of sheds, greenhouses.
To enhance the quality of the crops and the by-products made post harvesting, top end tea estates have introduced laser guided plucking machines. Sounds fancy? That’s because it is and things don’t stop there, some of these tea estates have even installed machinery to handle all post-harvest operations.
Similar technology is also being introduced in the dairy, fishing, animal husbandry sectors as well.
Driverless tractors will reduce the number of people and time required to work on a field. Due to the sheer workload, time and money involved in commercial crops, farmers are turning away from this line of work. These are two reasons why driverless tractors, harvesters, and other big farming tools have to be invested in.
Use of drones in agriculture to reduce manpower and time invested in crops. They even aid farmers to monitor vast lands in a shorter amount of time, identify critical issues like pest control, crop growth and discover new ways to increase production. Then you have these multitasking behemoths like combine harvesters or ‘Combines’ as they are commonly referred to. It is normally run in the harvest phase of wheat and paddy farming and does reaping, winnowing and threshing – three steps that were earlier done manually.