“Cultivators of the earth are the most valuable citizens. They are the most vigorous, the most independent, the most virtuous, and they are tied to their country and wedded to its liberty and interests by the most lasting bonds.” ― Thomas Jefferson
Not many people are aware of the fact that in India we have an entire day dedicated to the farmers of the Nation. Farmer’s Day in India is acknowledged on 23rd December every year. Matter of fact almost 50% of the Indian population is directly or indirectly attached to the agricultural sector.
The government of India marked the birth anniversary of the 5th Prime Minister of the Nation, Mr. Choudhary Charan Singh – as the National Farmers Day. He was among the greatest leaders of our nation and always worked for the development of farmers and marked the national farmers’ day. He was a farmer when elected as our PM, he was also elected as the Chief Minister of UP two times.
Worked for the betterment of the farmers; he did many things like:
- He declared the Debt Redemption Bill in the year 1939, helping farmers in the UP region by saving their lands from the auction and save them from unfair and illegal moneylenders.
- Also, He established an organization by the name Krishak Samaj in the year 1964, it helped the poor and small farmers to gain education related to modern farming techniques.
- He not only made policies, but he also became the voice for the farmers of India through his excellent writing. He wrote some powerful books like The Problem and Its Solutions, Two Alternatives, India’s Poverty and its Solution and etc.
What happens on National Farmer’s Day?
A public holiday is observed in the state of Uttar Pradesh. In India, many debates and seminars help at different levels to discuss and take some actions for helping and solving the issues of our farmers. Many government officers and people of the Agricultural Department talk to farmers and carry out many workshops to educate them and teach them about the latest technological advancements in the field of agriculture.
Formal Public acknowledgment is paid to our decorated leaders who worked and sacrificed their lives for our farmers and their betterment. Chaudhary Charan Singh took his last breath on 29 May 1987, his memorial is built in New Delhi named Kisan Ghat.
We cannot forget the powerful slogan by our 2nd Prime Minister, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Ji “JAI JAWAN, JAI KISAN”.
It is a matter of observation that after all these efforts, policies, and sacrifices, the suicide rate among farmers in India is growing at a high rate. The main reason behind this is the lack of proper knowledge and the sudden changes in the climate conditions which is faced by farmers of India and working cherry on the top is the pressure of bank loan, and dangerous money lenders. This issue is very urgent to be handled with more seriousness and priority.