National Law Day (Samvidhan Diwas) is also known as Constitution Day in India. It is observed on 26th November, every year to give respect and recall that day. On this very day, the Constituent Assembly of India authorized the Constitution of India. It came into work on 26th January 1950.
History of the Constitution of India:
The two-month duration between the adoption and enacting of the Indian Constitution was utilized for reading and translating it from English to Hindi. The Assembly met for 166 days in 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days before the Constitution was enacted.
Two hand-written copies were signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950. Later two days, the Constitution was named the Law of India. There were multiple issues related to language, rights, the structure of government, and many more.
On November 25, 1949, BR Ambedkar delivered a powerful speech, in which he gave three warnings:
- One must abandon the methods of Civil disobedience, non-cooperation, and satyagraha.
- Bhakti in religion may be the path to salvation of a soul. But in politics, bhakti or hero-worship is a sure road to degradation and eventually dictatorship.
- If we continue to deny equality for long, we will do so only by putting our political democracy in peril.
Significance of Constitution Day:
PM Narendra Modi marked 26th November as the Constitution Day of India in 2015 as the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. BR Ambedkar. This day brings awareness to the values of the Indian Constitution and its architect.
He was known as a famous social reformer, politician and jurist, and father of the Indian Constitution. He was appointed as the chairman of the Constitution drafting committee, on 29th Aug. 1947.
The constitution made India a democratic republic, secular, equality, and liberty, sovereign to promote fraternity. The original version 1950 constitution is securely preserved in a case filled with helium at the Parliament House in the Capital of India.
The Constitution of India is the longest handwritten constitution of any country in the world. It is inspired and influenced by the constitutions of other countries. Like concepts like Equality, Fraternity and Liberty were driven from the French Constitution. The idea of five-year plans was from the USSR. The laws for the functioning of the Supreme Court of India were taken from Japan.
There is a mandatory lesson based on the Preamble of the Constitution read by all the students. Department of Education requested from various Boards and Universities to conduct mock Parliamentary debates in schools and colleges, UGC arranged a quiz by the name All-India quiz competition at Ambedkar University in Lucknow. The External Affairs Ministry informed all the Indian Schools situated overseas to celebrate 26th November as National Law Day or Constitution Day.