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What is Microbiology? Different Types of Microbiology?

All know that microbiology is the study of tiny organisms, such as bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. These microbes play critical roles in biodegradation/biodeterioration, nutrient cycling, climate change, food spoilage, the cause and control of disease, and biotechnology. There are different types of microbiology are there. If you want more information about this you can prefer Microbiology Journal which provides you with more data.

Different Types of Microbiology:


Bacteria are seen everywhere on earth, including within and on humans. The bacteria play vital roles that harmless or helpful, but some pathogens cause disease in humans and other animals. Well, it will be in different shapes that include spherical, curved, rod-shaped, etc. They have a broad range of metabolic capabilities and can grow in a kind of environments. Well, the bacteria classified as heterotrophs or autotrophs. Autotrophs make their food by using the energy of sunlight or chemical reactions, and they are also called chemoautotrophs. Heterotrophs obtain their energy by absorbing other organisms. Bacteria that use decomposing life forms as a source of energy are called saprophytes.


Archaea differ from true bacteria in their cell wall structure and lack peptidoglycans. Based on their habitat, all Archaeans divided into various divisions. They are methanogens, halophiles, thermophiles, and psychrophiles. Archaeans use other energy sources like carbon dioxide, hydrogen gas, and sulfur. Some of the bacteria use sunlight to make energy, but not the similar way plants do. They receive sunlight using their bacteriorhodopsin, membrane pigment.


Fungi are eukaryotic cells which include rusts, yeasts, mildews, smuts, mushrooms, and molds. Some other organisms slime molds and oomycetes also called fungi, but they do not belong to the fungi family. These used in medical which provided on earth in any environment. They form natural filamentous tubes called hyphae that help receive the material. The collection of hyphae named as mycelium. Fungi represent by releasing spores.


Algae is also called cyanobacteria or blue-green algae. It is unicellular or multicellular eukaryotes that receive nourishment by photosynthesis. Algae a single or multi-cellular organism that has no roots stems or leaves and often found in water. This type of bacteria is leaves in water, damp soil, and rocks and produce oxygen and carbohydrates used by other organisms. Well, it is photosynthetic organisms, they use sunlight and chlorophyll to prepare food. They eat food like fish, worms, snails, sea urchins, sea turtles, crustaceans, seals, and even humans.


A virus is a dangerous agent of small size and simple composition that can multiply only in living cells bacteria, plants, and animals. It may involve flu or a cold to something more life-threatening like HIV/AIDS. Viruses cannot represent outside a host cell and cannot metabolize on their own. Viruses often infect prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells producing diseases.

What is Neuroscience?

Neuroscience Journal used to publish original research articles, review articles, and clinical education in all areas of neuroscience. The difficult, multidisciplinary, and fast developing field of neuroscience looks at the structure and function of the human brain and nervous system. It encompasses the growth, development, cellular and molecular biology, anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology of the nervous system, as well as computational, cognitive neuroscience, and behavioral.

Neuroscience is the area where psychology meets biology to further our knowledge of physical, neurological and psychological health conditions, such as the brain’s role in how we perceive various types of pain and the underlying problem of Parkinson’s disease.