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Causes and treatment procedures of infertility in India

Infertility is a common issue in Indian, with around one million cases per year. The main symptom is the inability to become pregnant.

Many treatments significantly improve the chances of getting pregnant, which include hormone treatments, fertility drugs and surgery. In addition, assisted reproduction uses various medical techniques, like In-Vitro Fertilization, which is the most widely used resort by couples who wish to bear children. By the year, 2016, around six and a half million babies have been born through in-vitro fertilization and according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 1.6 percentage of babies born in the United States each year are conceived through Assisted Reproductive Technology. On the 25th of July, 1978, the first test tube baby was born and was named Louise Brown. Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe, who collaborated in the procedure, are considered to be pioneers of IVF. The common cause of infertility includes Advancing age of mother (above the age of 30 years for Indian Females), Ovulation Disorders (for example, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome), Tubal Occlusion or blockage, Uterine fibroids, Endometrial polyps, Endometriosis and so on.

Few factors that need focus are irregular menstruation, age, pelvic infections, sexually transmitted diseases, and male factor semen abnormalities. These factors may contribute to infertility. Infertility Tests involves history and physical examination of the person where a thorough medical inspection is done by the doctor. Then, a transvaginal ultrasound is done to evaluate the structure of the uterus, tubes and ovaries. Depending on the results of the evaluation of this, blood testing may be required. Other two testing involved is Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) – to evaluate fallopian tube patency and next, semen analysis to evaluate the male partner.

Many people equate fertility treatments with in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, it’s important to understand that IVF is simply one type of fertility treatment offered in clinics. Basically, if one is having trouble getting pregnant, there are several types of fertility treatments. From the least invasive to most invasive, fertility treatments you may experience are as follows:

  • Fertility drugs and ovulation-inducing drugs.
  • Artificial insemination, also known as intrauterine insemination, where sperms are washed, processed and concentrated prior to placement in the uterus. This is a first-line treatment for women with cervical factor infertility.
  • Sometimes, surgery can help with such issues as endometriosis, fibroids and blocked fallopian tubes with options such as hysteroscopy, laparoscopy and microsurgery.

Hysteroscopy helps the doctor look through the root of the problem by examining the cervix and the uterus of the woman. Laparoscopy aids diagnosis or therapeutic interventions with a few small cuts in the abdomen.

  • Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the most hi-tech procedures and has made healthy births possible for thousands of couples who previously would have been considered infertile. ART options include IVF, IVF with ICSI, IVF with egg donation, and traditional and gestational surrogacy.

Gurgaon is a city southwest of New Delhi in northern India and is known as a financial and technology hub. Having understood the causes and treatment procedures for infertility, there are a number of best infertility treatment centres in Gurgaon which can help one with infertility and fulfill your need to have a healthy familial life ahead.